1498 – Christopher Columbus landed on “Isla Santa” (Venezuela).
1774 – Oxygen was isolated from air successfully by chemist Carl Wilhelm and scientist Joseph Priestly.
1790 – The first U.S. census was completed with a total population of 3,929,214 recorded. The areas included were the present states of Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont and Virginia
1834 – Slavery was outlawed in the British empire with an emancipation bill.
1873 – Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tested a cable car. The design was done for San Francisco, CA.
1876 – Colorado became the 38th state to join the United States.
1893 – Shredded wheat was patented by Henry Perky and William Ford.
1894 – The first Sino-Japanese War erupted. The dispute was over control of Korea.
1914 – Germany declared war on Russia at the beginning of World War I.
1936 – Adolf Hitler presided over the Olympic games as they opened in Berlin.
1944 – In Warsaw, Poland, an uprising against Nazi occupation began. The revolt continued until October 2 when Polish forces surrendered.
1946 – In the U.S., the Atomic Energy Commission was established.
1953 – The first aluminum-faced building was completed. It was the first of this type in America.
1973 – The movie “American Graffiti” opened.
1975 – The Helsinki accords pledged the signatory nations to respect human rights.
1986 – John McEnroe and Tatum O’Neal were married.
1988 – Martin Scorsese’s “The Last Temptation of Christ” opened.
2006 – Cuban leader Fidel Castro turned over absolute power when he gave his brother Raul authority while he underwent an intestinal surgery.