1833 – The village of Chicago was incorporated. The population was approximately 250.
1884 – On Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor, the cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid.
1921 – The cartoon “On the Road to Moscow”, by Rollin Kirby, was published in the “New York World”. It was the first cartoon to win a Pulitzer Prize.
1923 – Henry Sullivan became the first American to swim across the English Channel.
1944 – Polish insurgents liberated a German labor camp in Warsaw. 348 Jewish prisoners were freed.
1953 – During the Korean conflict prisoners were exchanged at Panmunjom. The exchange was labeled Operation Big Switch.
1963 – The Limited Test Ban Treaty was signed by the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union. The treaty banned nuclear tests in space, underwater, and in the atmosphere.
1964 – U.S. aircraft bombed North Vietnam after North Vietnamese boats attacked U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
1974 – U.S. President Nixon said that he expected to be impeached. Nixon had ordered the investigation into the Watergate break-in to halt.
h1989 – In Honduras, five Central American presidents began meeting to discuss the timetable for the dismantling of the Nicaraguan Contra bases.
1990 – U.S. President George H.W. Bush angrily denounced the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
1991 – Iraq admitted to misleading U.N. inspectors about secret biological weapons.
1998 – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein began not cooperating with U.N. weapons inspectors.
2002 – The US closed its consulate in Karachi, Pakistan. The consulate was closed after local authorities removed large concrete blocks and reopened the road in front of the building to normal traffic.<!a>
2011 – NASA announced that its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter had captured photographic evidence of possible liquid water on Mars during warm seasons.
2011 – Juno was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on a mission to Jupiter. It was the first solar powered aircraft.