1806 – The Holy Roman Empire went out of existence as Emperor Francis II abdicated.
1825 – Bolivia declared independence from Peru.
1879 – The first Australian rules football game to be played at night took place at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. The game was to promote the introduction of electricity to the city of Melbourne.
1914 – Austria-Hungary declared war against Russia. Serbia declared war against Germany.
1926 – Gertrude Ederle became the first American woman to swim the English Channel. She was 19 years old at the time. The swim took her 14 1/2 hours.
1945 – The American B-29 bomber, known as the Enola Gay, dropped the first atomic bomb on an inhabited area. The bomb named “Little Boy” was dropped over the center of Hiroshima, Japan. An estimated 140,000 people were killed.
1960 – Nationalization of U.S. and foreign-owned property in Cuba began.
1962 – Jamaica became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.
1965 – The Voting Rights Act was signed by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson
1985 – The 40th anniversary of the Hiroshima atomic bombing brought tens of thousands of Japanese and foreigners to Hiroshima.
1986 – William J. Schroeder died. He lived 620 days with the Jarvik-7 manmade heart. He was the world’s longest surviving recipient of a permanent artificial heart.
1986 – Timothy Dalton became the fourth actor to be named “James Bond.”
1989 – Jaime Paz Zamora was inaugurated as the president of Bolivia.
1990 – The U.N. Security Council ordered a worldwide trade embargo with Iraq. The embargo was to punish Iraq for invading Kuwait.
1993 – Morihiro Hosokawa was elected prime minister of Japan.
1995 – Thousands of glowing lanterns were set afloat in rivers in Hiroshima, Japan, on the 50th anniversary of the first atomic bombing.
1996 – NASA announced the discovery of evidence of primitive life on Mars. The evidence came in the form of a meteorite that was found in Antarctica. The meteorite was believed to have come from Mars and contained a fossil.
1997 – Apple Computer and Microsoft agreed to share technology in a deal giving Microsoft a stake in Apple’s survival.
1998 – Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky spent 8 1/2 hours testifying before a grand jury about her relationship with U.S. President Clinton.